Scholarly Communication and Bibliometrics.
My main focus over the past 25 years or so has been in looking at various
aspects of scholarly fields--how they are organized, intellectually; how
they emerge, develop, and decline; how scholars communicate about their research,
etc. My approach is quantitative and graphical. Like my predecessors and
colleagues in IST (Belver Griffith, Howard White, Xia Lin, Chaomei Chen),
I am a bibliometrician. I use publication and citation data from the Institute
for Scientific Information and other sources and analyse these data using
a range of multivariate analytic methods--factor analysis, cluster analysis,
multidimensional scaling, Pathfinder network analysis -- that allow me to
study the patterns in the data and display them graphicallly. Basically,
I'm a natural historian who, instead of turning over rocks or scraping tires
at docks (something I did for several years in my MS work), digs into very
large data sets to seek the underlying structure that can tell us about how
scholarly fields are organized in terms of subject areas, research themes
and trends, and key players. Since I also interview scholars in the areas
I study, you could also say that I'm an entomologist who talks to the ants.
McCain, KW & LJ Salvucci.2006. How influential is Brooks’ Law:
A longitudinal citation context analysis of Frederick Brooks ‘The Mythical
Man-Month. Journal of Information Science 32: 277-295.
McCain, KW. 2005. Waddington as Context: A Bibliometric Investigation
of the Influence of CH Waddington, 1995-2004. Invited paper, Boston Colloquium
for the History and Philosophy of Science—CH Waddington, A Centenary Celebration.
7 October 2005
McCain, KW, Verner, JM, Hislop, GW, Evanco W, & V. Cole. 2005.
The use of bibliometric and knowledge elicitation technqiues to map a knowledge
domain: Software Engineering in the 1990s. Scientometrics 65(1):131-144.
McCain, KW. 1998. Neural Networks Research in Context: A Longitudinal
Journal Cocitation Analysis of an Emerging Interdisciplinary Field.
White, HD & KW McCain. 1998. Visualizing a Discipline: An Author
Co-citation Analysis of Information Science, 1992-1995 JASIS 49(4):327-355.
Received ASIS Best Paper Award, 1998.
White, HD & KW McCain. 1997. Visualization of Literatures.
Annual Review of Information Science & Technology 32:3-72.
I've also explored other aspects of communication in the sciences -- primarily
the norms and behaviors surrounding the sharing of research-related information
(research materials, data sets, laboratory protocols, etc.).
McCain, KW. 2000. Sharing Digitized Research-Related Information on
the World Wide Web.” Invited paper. JASIS. 51(14):1321-1327.
McCain, KW. 1995. Mandating Sharing: Journal Policies in the Natural
Sciences. Science Communication 16(4): 403-431
McCain, KW. 1991. Communication, Competition and Secrecy: The Production
and Exchange of Research-Related Information in Genetics. Science,
Technology & Human Values 16(4):491-516
Other Research Interests:
Evaluation of information retrieval systems
Design of controlled vocabularies and query expansion vocabularies
for information retrieval
Image representation and retrieval
Diffusion and adoption of innovation
Doctoral Students whose dissertations I've chaired
Mary Elizabeth Morton (current; co-chair) "Use and Acceptance of an
Electronic Health Record: Factors Affecting Physician Attitudes"
Linda Sheetz Marion (2004) 'Of Tribes and Totems: Author Cocitation
Context Analysis of Kurt Lewin's Influence in Social Science Journals"
Theodore Allen Morris (2001) "Structural Relationships within Medical
Informatics: A Classification/Indexing Co-occurrence Analysis"
Andrew D. Scrimgeour (1999) "Mapping the Intellectual Geography of
Biblical Studies: A Cocitation Study in the Humanities"